The turbines are located approximately 27 miles offshore. That distance and the curvature of the Earth makes it difficult to see the turbines clearly from shore.

A 34-kilovolt distribution line running from the turbines to a connection point in Dominion Energy’s electrical system near the State Military Reservation was buried approximately 6 feet underneath the ocean floor, where possible.

Yes. Many of the turbines have aircraft warning lights and we are studying different technology to determine the best option for keeping aircraft safe while in the air, but also limiting any visual impact from shore.

The CVOW pilot project provides Dominion Energy with valuable permitting, design, installation and operations experience that can be applied to the proposed 2,640-megawatt commercial project — the largest offshore wind project in the United States — to be built beginning in 2024 in an adjacent 112,800-acre lease area.

Through the pilot project, we were able to gain valuable experience with the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management permitting process. The lessons learned helped us submit our Construction and Operations Plan for the commercial project in December 2020.

Also, offshore wind generation is a vital part of Dominion Energy’s comprehensive clean energy strategy to meet standards outlined in the Virginia Clean Economy Act and to achieve the company’s goal of net zero carbon dioxide and methane emissions across our 16 states by 2050.

The cost of the pilot project, including the turbines, is $300 million.

The pilot project has been a tremendous learning experience for Dominion Energy. The two 6-megawatt turbines began producing power in mid-October 2020 and are performing well. They are producing at full load over 46.6 percent of the time at 96 percent availability. We are using predictive tools and data from monitoring the pilot turbines to help plan for the commercial project. Real-time data is currently not publicly available.

There were a number of challenges encountered in developing and constructing the CVOW pilot project. Some of those challenges we successfully navigated included constructing the project with European sourced components during the global COVID pandemic and maintaining a generating asset 27 miles offshore in a safe and environmentally responsible manner.